Debian 9 Stretch was released as the latest stable version of the Linux Debian operating system today. While you can install Debian 9 Stretch fresh, you can also perform an in place upgrade from Debian 8 Jessie quite easily, which is what we will cover here.
For full documentation on the process, it is suggested that you also read through the official release notes.
- Upgrading to Debian 9 Stretch is only supported from Debian 8 Jessie. If you are running a version older than 8, you must first upgrade to 8 before working through this process.
- The upgrade involves a kernel update, so a reboot will be required toward the end of the process.
- It is strongly recommended that you have a full system backup or backup of any important data before proceeding with the upgrade, ensure that you have a plan to roll back. In the case of a virtual machine, take a snapshot before starting.
Performing the upgrade to Debian 9 Stretch
In this example we’ll be upgrading from Debian 8.8.
[email protected]:~# cat /etc/debian_version 8.8
Before proceeding with the upgrade, please read through the list of issues to be aware of when upgrading to Stretch.
- It is recommended that you have your Debian 8 Jessie installation completely up to date before starting, to do this run “apt-get update” followed by “apt-get upgrade” and install available updates.
[email protected]:~# apt-get update [email protected]:~# apt-get upgrade Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
In my case all updates have been applied already, so it’s fine to proceed.
- Edit the /etc/apt/sources.list file, my file is shown below. As you can see all of the lines are currently specifying “jessie”. Note that your mirror sources will likely be different which is fine.
deb http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ jessie main deb-src http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ jessie main deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib # jessie-updates, previously known as 'volatile' deb http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib deb-src http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib
Change the instances of “jessie” to “stretch”, you can either do this manually, or automatically with the below sed command.
sed -i 's/jessie/stretch/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
my new sources.list file is shown below.
deb http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ stretch main deb-src http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ stretch main deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main contrib deb-src http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main contrib # stretch-updates, previously known as 'volatile' deb http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ stretch-updates main contrib deb-src http://debian.uberglobalmirror.com/debian/ stretch-updates main contrib
You can either use “stretch” or “stable”, as Debian 9 Stretch is now the current stable version as of writing. However note that if you use stable instead of the specific release name, in future when Debian 10 is released that will be the stable version so you may upgrade to that unintentionally.
- The recommended way to upgrade Debian is with the ‘apt-get’ command. First update the list of available packages with the below command, as we’ve just updated the sources.list file.
- Now that the list of available packages has been updated from the mirror, run the below command to perform a minimal upgrade.
This is known as a minimal system upgrade as it only upgrades packages that can be upgraded without needing any other packages to be removed or installed, so it’s a safe place to start. This upgraded 932 packages requiring 412MB on my system.
- Now you’re ready to do the complete system upgrade, this will upgrade to the latest available version for all packages installed.
Ensure that you have enough free disk space to complete the operation, in my case it notes that afterwards 1,048MB of additional disk space will be used with 639 package upgrades and 479 newly installed packages.
Note that this will remove conflicting obsoleted packages, potentially packages that you may want to keep, so check what it’s going to do by reading the output before proceeding.
- Once the upgrade has completed you may have packages that can be removed and are no longer required, you’ll see these when trying to use apt-get upgrade. We can clean these out by running “apt-get autoremove”.
This cleaned 496MB of packages from my system that were identified as no longer being required after the upgrade.
- All that’s left to do is perform a reboot of the system, this is required as the kernel version has been updated. This can be done by simply entering “reboot” in the terminal.
Before upgrade: [email protected]:~# uname -a Linux debian8 3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.43-2 (2017-04-30) x86_64 GNU/Linux After upgrade and system reboot: [email protected]:~# uname -a Linux debian8 18.104.22.168-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.30-2 (2017-06-12) x86_64 GNU/Linux
As you can see the newer kernel version 4.9 is now in place after rebooting.
You can also check the /etc/debian_version file to confirm that you’re on version 9.
[email protected]:~# cat /etc/debian_version 9.0
Now I just need to change my “debian8” hostname!
As shown it’s quite a simple process to complete an in place upgrade from Debian 8 Jessie to Debian 9 Stretch. The process involves fully updating your Debian 8 installation, modifying the /etc/apt/sources.list file by changing instances of “jessie” to “stretch”, running an ‘apt-get update’, ‘apt-get upgrade’, followed by a ‘apt-get dist-upgrade’ and then finally a reboot so that the newer kernel version will be used.